al-Andalus, Catholicism, Islam

The Martyrs of Córdoba: Part II

In Part I, we took a look at the historical context of the Martyrs’ Movement in 9th century Córdoba. In Part II we will examine how scholars have grappled with the question of what motivated the martyrs to confront Islamic authorities in the way that they did.

The Crusades

A Primer on the Crusades

The Historical Context In the wake of the rise of Islam in the 7th century, the Byzantine Empire lost a lot of territory to Muslim conquests over the following centuries.  Not too long after the conversion of the Seljuk Turks…

Continue Reading